For businesses across North America, the onset of winter brings increased liability and the potential for property damage or business interruption due to severe weather and frigid temperatures.

Winter weather can cause damage to any type of property, so it is important to be aware of what increases your risk of damage occurring. For example, when a building isn’t well insulated, or there’s a sprinkler pipe near an exterior wall, pipes can easily freeze or burst from extreme cold, causing water damage to the building and equipment.

Winter weather hazards can cause property damage, mobile equipment or vehicle damage, business disruptions, employee and customer injuries, and other headaches for business owners. To minimize property losses and claims, follow this safety checklist before the temps start to drop.

  • Take care of temporary heat needs.
  • Temporary heat can be brought into rooms that are particularly cold or at a greater risk for freezing. Temperature-sensing cables can be tied to interior sprinklers that set off an alarm when a certain temperature threshold is crossed. Additionally, extra pipe insulation can be added in high-risk areas for very little cost.
  • Inspect annually. Boilers and roofs should be inspected for potential defects and leaks at least annually, preferably just before the winter season and again after a major storm.
  • Maintain temps. To prevent frozen pipes, keep thermostats at 55°F or higher, even in vacant areas. This includes empty stores in strip malls, vacant apartments in a multi-family building or wings of a building that are unoccupied.
  • Clear off snow or ice accumulation. Snow loading on a roof can cause deflection and sagging of the roof structure, damage and in some cases, roof collapse. Ice damming, or the buildup of ice on the eave and soffit area of a roof, can cause chunks to break off and fall, or when melting, can cause water to seep into the building through the roof system. Depending on the amount of snowfall or other winter conditions, consider preventive measures. Pre-arranged snow removal for heavy accumulations, or rakes on sloped roofs will reduce the chances of snow/ice from falling off and damaging property or injuring personnel. Block off access under areas where potentially dangerous situations exist.
  • Keep your water supply flowing. Flowing water often breaks up ice below freezing. When outside temperatures remain below freezing, it's less expensive to run your faucet regularly than to repair a frozen or burst pipe.
  • Backup the backup power. A generator will only work if it has been maintained properly. Make sure you store the appropriate amount of fuel required for backup power to function as needed.
  • Practice safety with portable heaters. The National Fire Protection Association reports that space heaters - whether portable or stationary - account for as much as a third of heating fires each year. This can happen when heaters are placed near combustibles, are not properly plugged in or are lacking adequate safety features.
  • Have an official plan. Have a winter advisory plan that specifies when early dismissal or office closure are appropriate, and should the need arise, who will make the call and how the information will be disseminated to staff.

Understand your insurance coverage

Having the right property and casualty coverage in place will help ensure that you are protected in the event of property damage or accident. You should also understand your liability risks related to contractors and vendors who work on your premises.

By preparing in advance and taking preventative measures, you not only minimize your risk, but keep employees and others safe this winter. Contact a HUB Advisor to get additional risk management guidance for your business.