Quick Reference Guide to MAP 21
The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, better known as MAP 21, was signed into law by President Obama on July 6th, 2012. The law will bring a number of significant changes to the transportation industry and all of its subparts will be in effect by September 20th, 2014. Key parts of the legislation include:
Electronic logging devices
The law requires the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to mandate electronic logging devices (EOBR's) for all commercial fleets currently required to complete paper logs. The FMCSA regulations must be in place within one year and motor fleets will have an additional two years to adopt the technology.
Drug and alcohol clearinghouse
The FMCSA is required to create a clearinghouse within two years to record commercial drivers' positive drug/alcohol test results and refusals to submit to a drug and/or alcohol test. Commercial fleets will be required to check the clearinghouse when reviewing new driver recruits and annually thereafter. Third party vendors will be allowed to conduct these reviews on behalf of commercial fleets.
Employer notification systems
The FMCSA must establish standards for state systems that automatically notify motor fleets of their drivers' moving violations and other changes in driver status within one year. Within two years, the FMCSA must develop recommendations and a plan to roll out a national system to perform these functions.
New entrant testing and audits
The FMCSA must require new entrants to complete a proficiency test on safety regulations. They must also have a DOT safety review (audit) within 12 months of startup.
The FMCSA is proscribed from publishing a wetlines rule for two years or until a Government Accountability Office study determines the necessity of such a rule. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration must also update its accident and release recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
The broker bond requirement is increased to $75,000 and now also applies to freight forwarders. Bonding companies also have increased requirements for responding to motor carrier claims.
Transportation of agricultural commodities and farm supplies
The movement of farm supplies under the agricultural exemption to the hours of service rule from a distribution point to a retail site or farm is clarified. The air mile exemption is increased from 100 to 150 and the term "in the state" is removed from the regulation, making this an interstate issue.
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