Large Truck Crash Statistics

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently released (June 2015) data for large truck crashes in 2013. A large truck is considered to be any vehicle with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 10,000 pounds. During this year large trucks accounted for 4% of all vehicles on the roadways and 9% of miles traveled.

In 2013 large trucks were involved in 9% of all fatal vehicle crashes and 3% of all crashes involving injury and/or physical damage. There were 3,964 people killed and an estimated 95,000 people injured in crashes involving large trucks. In the United States, an estimate 342,000 large trucks were involved in police recorded traffic crashes during 2013.

Fatalities in crashes involving large trucks remained relatively level with only a half-percent increase from 3,944 in 2012 to 3,964 in 2013. Of the fatalities in 2013:

  • 71% were occupants of other vehicles
  • 17% were occupants of large trucks
  • 11% were non-occupants

Injuries to occupants of other vehicles resulting from large truck crashes were reduced by 9% from 2012 to 2013. Non-occupant injuries were reduced by 33%. Of the people injured in 2013:

  • 72% were occupants of other vehicles
  • 25% were occupants of large trucks
  • 2% were non-occupants

Fatal Crash statistics for 2013:

  • 64% of all fatal crashes occurred in rural areas vs. 36% occurring in urban areas.
  • 79% of all fatal crashes occurred on weekdays vs. 21% of crashes occurring on weekends.
  • 66% of all fatal crashes occurred during daytime hours vs. 34% occurring during nighttime hours.
  • 73% of weekday truck crashes occurred between 6am and 6pm.
  • 60% of fatal crashes that occurred on weekends happened during nighttime hours.

Driver data:

  • In only 2% of fatal crashes involving a heavy truck was the truck drivers BAC in excess of 8% vs. 21% of drivers of passenger cars involved in a fatal crash.
  • Nearly 16% of car drivers and 17% of truck drivers involved in fatal crashes had a prior conviction for speeding.

State data:

  • Texas led the nation in fatal truck crashes with 493.
  • Texas led the nation in truck occupant fatalities with 111. California was second with 33.
  • North Dakota led the nation in highest percentage of trucks involved in fatal crashes at 29%.

Driver safety is the mission of the FMCSA and an industry standard. Ensuring that your drivers follow industry safety guidelines can reduce accidents and improve CSA scores. HUB Transportation Experts help you achieve optimal on-the-road safety through tailored safety training programs and risk management planning.

Download this PDF and contact a HUB transportation advisor to get started.